Only literature that appears in the text should be listed in the list of references. Unpublished data and papers should not be cited. Diploma and final exams are not accepted for citation.

The list of references has to be arranged with the main author’s names (or if no author is available, with organization/institution) in alphabetical order and should be numbered consecutively. In the text, bibliographical references should be indicated with Arabic numerals.

In case of several papers written by the same author, co-authors citations should be cited first. Apart from that, the order should address to the paper’s date of publication.

With articles in scientific journals, the author’s surname is listed first, followed by the abbreviated forename. The paper’s full title is indicated first, followed by the international journals international abbreviation, the journal’s volume, the year of publication (in gaps) and the number of pages:

Hiatt WR, Regensteiner JG, Wolfel EE, Carry MR, Brass EP. Effect of exercise training on skeletal muscle histology and metabolism in peripheral arterial disease. J Appl Physiol 1996; 81: 780-788.


In Journals, the issue number and the pages follow, starting from page 1, the year of publication (from…to…).

Listing a book, the author’s name (see journals) is followed by the paper’s original title, the names of the editors and the book’s title. Separated by a point, the publishing company and its location should be quoted followed by the year of publication and the pagination. Commas separate the indications.

Poortsmans JR. Effects of long lasting exercise and training on protein metabolism, in: Howald H, Poortsmans JR (Hrsg): Metabolic adaptions to prolonged physical exercise. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 1975, 212-226.



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